Information on Andhra Pradesh Land
Andhra Pradesh is encircled by Madhya Pradesh and Orissa in the
north. The Bay of Bengal surrounds it in the east, Tamil Nadu and
Karnataka in the south and Maharashtra in the west. Andhra Pradesh
is the fifth largest state in India. It is a connection between
the north and south India. Spread over a large area , Andhra
Pradesh is the most populous state in the south of India.
There are three major regions in Andhra Pradesh - (1) Northern
Circars or coastal Andhra including Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam,
East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Ongole and Nellore
districts; (2) Rayalaseema or Ceded districts including Kurnool,
Cuddapah, Chittoor and Anantapur districts; and (3) Telangana
including Khammam, Nalgonda, Warangal, Karimnagar, Medak,
Nizamabad, Aadilabad, Mahbubnagar and Hyderabad districts.
The Circars or Coastal districts are the vital districts compared
to the other two regions and at the same time well developed. The
second region, Rayalaseema are situated close to the coastal
districts. This area receives less rainfall compared to the
coastal districts. Thus, drought is a regular feature here. The
third region is the Telangana region, which is a former princely
state of Nizam's Hyderabad. This is nearby Maharashtra's
Marathwada region and some parts of Karnataka.
¤ The Varied Landscape
The topography of Andhra Pradesh is quite varied with dense
forest in the north east, flat paddy lands in the coastal plains
and several noteworthy beaches along the Bay of Bengal. Apart from
these, the area around Hyderabad is strewn with many huge rocks.
Thus, providing a landscapes each different from the other.
¤ Mountains and Rivers
The state of Andhra Pradesh provides information on varied land
scapes of the state. Andhra Pradesh has many hill ranges that
stretch from the north to the south. These hill ranges divide it
into western and eastern or coastal Andhra. These hills are an
inseparable part of the geography and the history of Andhra
Pradesh. In the northern part of the state, there are Simhachalam
and Annavaram hills. The Srisailam hill ranges are located in the
middle of the state and Tirumalai-Tirupati hills are located in
There are two major rivers in Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and
Krishna. They originate from the Western Ghats in Maharashtra and
flow eastward, further joining the Bay of Bengal. The Godavari
enters the state of Andhra Pradesh direct from Maharashtra,
whereas the Krishna river arrives in the state after coming from
Apart from these two big rivers, there are the Tungabhadra, the
Pennar and many other small rivers and rivulets. The river Pennar
emerges from the Karnataka plateau. It is a rain fed peninsular
The climate of Andhra Pradesh is generally hot and humid. The
temperature in summer varies between 20 degree Celsius to 40
degree Celsius, whereas in winter it is between 13 degree Celsius
and 32 degree Celsius. The climate of the state is dominated by
the South-West monsoons. Best time to visit Andhra Pradesh is
between the months of October and February.
¤ Flora and Fauna
Andhra Pradesh is rich in flora and fauna. The state is bestowed
with a lush coastal belt, moist deciduous Eastern Ghats, dry
deciduous forests of the Nallamalais and mangrove belt at Coringa.
The fauna of Andhra Pradesh is equally good with many wildlife
sanctuaries here. The Nehru Zoological Park is a natural habitat
of numerous birds and animals. Other sanctuaries like the Pakhal
and Ethurnagaram wildlife sanctuaries near Warangal has a wide
variety of animals like Tiger, Panther, Wild Boar, Jackal
Muntjack, Fox, Gaur, Wild Dog, Spotted Deer and Sloth Bear. A good
variety of water birds and reptiles are also found here.
The dense forests of Nallamalai at Srisailam in central Andhra
Pradesh has a wildlife sanctuary that consists of innumerable
animals, birds, and reptiles. India's largest project tiger
reserve also lies over here. The Kolleru Bird Sanctuary is a haven
for migratory birds. There is another sanctuary called Kawal
wildlife sanctuary, which is home to many species of birds. The
Coringa sanctuary is situated in the delta region of the Godavari.
This sanctuary is famous for reptiles like the salt-water
crocodile, fishing cats and others.