Location : 67-km From Chittoor, Chittoor District, andhra
Area : 11 sq. kms.
Attractions : Tirupati Tirumala Balaji Temple
Ideal Time To Visit : October to Mrach
¤ Tirupati, The Divine
The divine city of Tirupati is located in the southeastern part of
Andhra Pradesh State. Located 152 Km northwest of Chennai in the
Palkonda Hills, Tirupati is famous for a temple dedicated to Lord
Venkateshvara, also known as the "Lord of Seven Hills".
pious hill of Tirupati is located almost 10-kms northwest of Tirupati.
Having a height of 750 m, it is regarded as one of the most holy
temples of the city. The temple did not allow non-Hindus before the
¤ The History of Tirupati
The credit of Tirupati's present glory goes to the contributions made
by kings who ruled it. The various dynasties of the southern India
bowed to the might of the Tirupati temple dedicated to Lord Sri
Venkateswara in Tirupati. Dynasties like the Pallavas of Kancheepuram
(9th century AD), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later), the
Pandyas of Madurai, and the kings and chieftains of Vijayanagar (14th
- 15th century AD) competed with each other in offering donations to
During the period of Vijayanagar dynasty, the temple received a lot
of wealth. One of the Vijayanagar kings Krishnadevaraya installed
idols of himself and his spouse at the portals of the Tirupati temple.
They are still present in Tirupati along with a statue of Venkatapati
Raya in the main temple.
Even after the fall of the Vijayanagar dynasty, the temple continued
to receive contributions from the rulers and nobles of the rest of the
country. A Marathi general, Raghoji Bhonsle, visited the temple and
gifted many priceless jewels to the Lord, including a large emerald,
which is still preserved in a box named after the general. Other
rulers from Mysore and Gadwal have also gifted huge amount of wealth
to the temple.
Later, this temple was controlled and supervised by the Muslim rulers
of Karnataka and then by the British.
¤ Attractions In Tirupati
Tirupati pilgrimage tourism highlights the famous temples. But it is
particularly known for the Tirupati Balaji Temple, which is one of the
richest temples in the world.
Tirupati Balaji Temple
The Tiruipati Tirumala Balaji Temple at Tirupati is an ancient
temple located on the seventh peak, Venkatachala (Venkata Hill) of the
Tirupati hill. The presiding deity of this temple is Lord
Venkateshwara. Tirupati temple is also mentioned in ancient Hindu
texts. It is a major attraction here, visited everyday by innumerable
Padmavati Devi Temple
The Padmavati Devi Temple is located in Tiruchanur, 5-km from
Tirupati. The temple is dedicated to goddess Padmavati, the consort of
Lord Venkateswara or Venkateshwara (Balaji). Also referred to as "Alamelumangapuram",
it is said that a visit to Tirumala is incomplete with visiting the
Padmavati Devi temple.
Sri Govindarajaswami Temple
One of the famous temples of Tirupati , Sri Govindarajaswami Temple
is situated in the heart of the town. It was consecrated by Saint
Ramanujacharya in 1130 AD.
The Kodandaramaswami Temple is also located in the center of the
Tirupati town. The deities worshiped here are Sita, Rama and
Lakshmana. Built during the 10th century AD by the Cholas, the temple
is a major attraction here. Just opposite of the temple is a
sub-shrine of the temple dedicated to Anjaneyaswami.
Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple
This temple is situated about 3 km to the north of Tirupati, located
in the base of Tirumala hills. This is an important temple as it is
the only temple dedicated to Lord Shiva in Tirupati. Here you can also
find a sacred waterfall known as "Kapila Teertham. This waterfall
is called "Alwar Teertham and is also the venue of many
Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami Temple
Kalyana Venkateswaraswami Temple is located 12 km to the west of
Tirupati at Srinivasa Mangapuram. It is said that Lord Venkateswara
stayed here after his marriage with Sri Padmavati Devi, before
proceeding to Tirumala.
Tirupati extends its charm and
glory to its nearby areas also. There are many important excursion
destinations nearby that are worth visiting.
Chandragiri - 11 km
Located 11 km southwest of Tirupati-Balaji, Chandragiri was once the
capital of the Vijayanagar rulers in AD 1600. This town is famous for
the Chandragiri Fort built on a 180-metre-high rock. Apart form these
there are beautiful palaces and temples.
Sri Kalahasthi - 36 km
Sri Kalahsti is located amidst two steep hills on the banks of the
river Swarnamukhi about 36 km from Tirupati-Balaji. This places has a
temple dedicated to Vayu, the God of wind. A river flowing in the
north washes the foot of the temple.
Agastyaswamy Temple - 12 kms
The Agastyaswamy Temple is situated on the merging point of three
rivers namely, Swarnamukhi, Bhima and Kalyan, almost 12 kms from
Tirupati - Balaji. There are three beautifully carved entrances adding
to the glory of the hall inside. The temple consists of a shrine of
Then, there is a mandap having three idols of Balaji, Ayyappa and
Ganapati. This mandap is located just opposite of the temple of
Parvati. Near the tank there is a small shrine dedicated to Rama,
Sita, Lakshmana and Anjaneya.
Horsley Hills - 148 kms
The Horsley Hills is a beautiful hill station situated on the
southwest border of Andhra Pradesh. It is located at an altitude of
about 1,265 metres above sea level. This fabulous hill station is
named after the former collector of Chittoor. Lovely valleys covered
with teak, mango, sandalwood and eucalyptus plantations flank the
Nagalapuram - 65 km
The town of Nagalapuram is situated about 65 km south-east of
Tirupati-Balaji. The highlight of this town is Sri Vedanarayana Swamy
Temple, which is supposed to be built by the Vijayanagar emperor, Sri
Krishna Devaraja. This temple displays the exotic Vijayanagar style of
architecture. The sun worship of the temple is a vital attraction.
The Kailasakona Waterfalls is situated in the Nagary Valley. It is a
mesmerizing waterfall having water that is quite rich in minerals and
is said to be therapeutic.
Narayanavanam - 22 km
At this place, there is s shrine dedicated to Kalyana Venkateswara.
It is a major attraction of this small town, situated about 22 km
south-east of Tirupati-Balaji. According to a legend, Lord
Venkateswara married Padmavathi Devi, the daughter of Akasa Raja, at
this place. The temple was built by Akasa Raja to celebrate this
¤ Shopping in Tirupati
Tirupati is not a popular shopping destination. But you can surely
move around some of its market namely, Pasuparthy Super market and
Suresh Super Bazar.
Audio and video Cassettes of Vedas, Sankirtanas, Pravachanam are
produced and distributed by the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam.
¤ Events and Festivals
Tirupati is a land of famous and sacred temples. Thus , this town
celebrates many religious and state festivals throughout the year.
Some of the religious festivals celebrated here are Diwali , Ganesh
Charuthi, Dussehra and others. But the most important festival
celebrated here is the Brahmotsavam, a temple festival. This festival
is celebrated at Tirupati-Balaji temple. It is celebrated every year
in the month of September. But, every third year it is celebrated in a
an extravagant fashion and is called the Navratri Brahmotsavam.
Another festival called the Vijayanagar festival is celebrated for
three days at the historic Chandragiri Fort near Tirupati-Balaji. It
falls in the third week of October every year. This festival
celebrates the valor of Vijayanagar kings. Artists from all over the
state perform during this festival. The Rayalseema Food Festival is
yet another festival celebrated here, coinciding with the Vijayanagar
festival. One can taste delicious local cuisine presented during this
Apart from these festivals, Tirupati also celebrates a festival
called the Kalyanotsavam (marriage of the Lord), celebrated everyday
at the Kalyanmandapam except during the Brahmotsavam and on certain
other festive occasions.
¤ Reach Tirupati
By Air : The Tirupati
airport is situated 14 kms east of the town. It is takes about 30
minutes by flight from Chennai and 1 hr from Hyderabad or Bangalore to
reach Tirupati. Flights operate almost daily between Tirupati and
By Rail : Tirupati is well connected by train from most
cities like Bombay, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Delhi,
Visakhapatnam, etc. There is a Saptagiri Express leaving Chennai
everyday morning and returning in the evening. There are good
overnight trains from Hyderabad & Visakhapatnam as well.
By Road : Buses run from all the important places in the
state and between Tirupati and Tirumala. Buses also ply between
Tirupati and Tirumala, free of cost. It is also connected by Highways
to Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad.
Local Transportation : Taxis, auto rickshaws and other
smaller vehicles are available for local transportation.