Famous Dances of Assam
¤ Dance Culture of Assam
Dance culture of Assam also represent another facet of Assam rich
culture. There are two well known dance form in Assam, namely the Bihu
Dance and the Sattriya Dance. Bihu dance is mostly performed during
the Bihu festival and Sattriya Dance is a classical form of dance
often termed together with the most popular classical dance of India
like Kathak, Bharatnatyam etc.
¤ Bihu Dance
This form of dance is the most popular folk dance in Assam and is
also a part of the life known as Assamese life. The folk dance cuts
through all the religious, caste and class barriers of the different
kinds of people living in Assam.
Bihu Dance is performed during the festival and the festival is
celebrated thrice annually with their respective common name. Rongali
, the biggest festival of Assam, is celebrated in the mid of April.
Bhogali is celebrated during mid of January and Kangali is done in the
mid of October.
When the festival arrives, the young men and girls who are performers
gather during day time in the open. These performers dance together
but are not paired together and form in lines when they dance. The
music played at this dance are drums and pipes and the performers sing
of love during the act. The pattern which the performers follow during
the dance is the circle or the parallel rows. The dancers sway their
hips, take brisk steps and fling and flip their hands when the dance
progresses. The traditional dress worn consist of Dhoti, Gamocha,
Chadar and Mekhala (Indian clothes).
¤ Sattriya Dance
Sattriya Dance is the art form that epitomises the dance culture of
Assam. It was recently recognised as a classical dance form and it is
among the finest of the classical dances of India. An Assamese
religious reformer, Sri Shankardev, preached a unique philosophy of a
new Vaishnavism and from it grew the particular dance. The word,
'sattriya' comes from 'sattra'-monasteries which are established by
Without altering its basic structure of the dance, the style has been
going through an refinement. The performer can give a solo performance
against a repertoire owing from the fact that it is represented in a
lyrical and graceful style. The movements of the hand and body are
very slow and gentle and it communicate tales from the legends of Lord
Vishnu and from the life of Lord Krishna. The music in the dance
mostly depend upon the cymbals, supporting raga and other songs.