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India - Delhi - Places To See - Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar Fast facts

Jantar Mantar is one of the oldest astronomical observatories in India as well as the entire world. This monument is situated at distance of 250 meters from the famous shopping center of Connaught Place. This observatory was made in 1752 under the aegis of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur. He had a strong affinity towards learning as well also had a keen interest in astronomical subjects. This monument stands as fitting epitome of the technology of the times and also the keen interest that individuals vested in studying the various astronomical bodies.

Jantar Mantar of Delhi is one of the five observatories to be built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh the second. The other observatories made by him are located in the cities of Jaipur, Varanasi, Ujjain and Mathura. These observatories were built sometime around 1752 to 1760. These observatories can be seen as the first efforts of the country in studying astronomical bodies as well as forces. While others rulers and emperors were showed affinity towards arts and cultures Sawai Jai spent considerable amount of energy and effort in creating what he called a rebirth of practical astronomy for the Indian masses. However his plans did not fully succeed as the country was facing torrid times.

Despite the problems faced Jai Singh was never bogged down by the situation. He first used brass instruments to see the observe the various celestial bodies. However they were imperfect as far as science was concerned, too small and also were unstable and could be displaced easily. He then followed the renowned observer of the times Prince Ulugh Bheg who built the 15 century observatory at Samarkand in Uzbekistan. In 1760 he sent a mission to the King of Portugal. On their return the mission bought back a telescope that belonged to the court astronomer Xavier D’Silva.

The Giant Observatory at Delhi can be recognized as a giant version of the Speherical Sundial that tells the time of day by the position of the sun. There are distinctive instruments within the observatory in New Delhi.

Today the observatory is a tourist attraction site and is significant in the history of astronomy.

How to reach Jantar Mantar


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