The Tomb of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq
South to the fortress of Tughlaqabad is the tomb of its builder,
Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq. A once fortified causeway lead to the tomb
compound, which at one time stood within a large reservoir.
Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq was obviously a man of set ideas while he
was about fortifying everything in sight, he fortified his tomb as
well. What against is hard to say; probably Mongols who took the term
happy hunting grounds too literally.
The reservoir is no longer stores any water and the bridge over it
has been broken off in the middle to make way for an extremely busy
road. The tomb is based roughly on a pentagon in plan and its entrance
is guarded by massive portals.
¤ Simple Architecture
The mausoleum itself is very simple, very much the warrior's tomb.
Simple with the same sloping red sandstone walls which are Tughlaq
hallmarks. Each wall has arched gateways decorated with the
inevitable, but beautiful, latticework and white marble. The dome is
entirely of white marble and is quite striking indeed. This rather
severe tomb does allow itself a few inscribed panels, arch borders,
latticework screens and 'lotus-bud' edges which decorate it.
Towards the left of the entrance, in the corridor, there is a tiny
grave which is said to be that of the sultan's favorite dog; which is
not exactly a typical thing for a Muslim, who consider dogs unclean,
¤ The Family Mausoleum
The mausoleum is quite a family affair. In here sleeps not only
Ghiyas-ud-din but also his wife, Makh Dumai Jahan and his second son
Mahmud Khan, who died with him under the pavilion. Near the northern
side of the tomb there is an octagonal tomb with an inscribed slab
over its southern door, according to which Zafar Khan lies buried
here. Who this Zafar Khan was is not recorded, but this was the first
tomb to be built here and gave Ghiyas-ud-din the idea of building his
own mausoleum here too. The top of the enclosed walls offers excellent
views of both Tughlaqabad and Adilabad Forts.
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