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Famous for it's various excavation sites, Haryana also witnessed the battle of Panipat that makes it a land with a glorious past.




India - Haryana

Hissar


Distance :162kmsfrom Delhi


¤ Prime Centre of Harrappan Culture

Gujari MahalHissar town was one of the prime centres of Harrappan culture. The area has been associated with ancient Vedic tribes such as Bharatas, Purus, Kurus, Mujavatas and Mahavrishas. During medieval times it went through upheavals and conquests, and gained special importance for its strategic location with regard to Delhi.


¤ Mughal Domination

Feroze Shah Tughlaq contructed a fort here and called it Hissar-e-Firoza (fort of Feroze) and dug canals from the Yamuna and Ghaggar rivers to irrigate the dry land. Emperor Akbar made Hissar the headquarters of the district earlier controlled by Feroze Shah. During early 19th century the British took Hissar under their charge alongwith the rest of Haryana.


¤ Hissar- As An Industrial Hub

Today Hissar is the main cotton centre for Haryana. The Hissar Agricultural University is one of the foremost full-fledged educational instutions dedicated solely to agriculture


¤ Places of Interest

Feroze Shah’s palace and fort
He built Hissar from scratch, so he Feroze Shah Tughlaq deserved a place for himself to live in. The palace is grand structure complete with a tehkhana (underground chambers) and a mosque. Close to the mosque lies a mound which is believed to house the ruins of probably the Harrappan civilisation.

Lat Ki Masjid
built by Feroze Shah Tughlaq is an outstanding example of the marriage of many different styles. The slightly slanting walls are characteristic of Suljuk style while the jalis (grids) are assimilated from the Hindus. A unique mosque, it is distinguished by its lithic pillar and square chamber, not to mention the shape of the mosque itself. The mosque is built in an L shape, never seen earlier.

Humayun’s mosque
Not to be sidetracked, this emperor also had to build something or the other in Hissar. So he got his fellows to build a masjid at Fatehabad, a stone’s throw from main Hissar town.

Jahaz Kothi
Remember Jahaz Sahib from history, the Irish who ruled Haryana in 1798? Hissar was his land, and he lived here in a magnificent palace (although not that big compared to Mughal standards). He got the mughals to make it for him, and so it has the characteristic mughal touch to it.

Gujri Mahal
This palace is also in ruins, but its baradari (raised platform used for social gatherings) is in comparitively good state and it is made of stone taken from the Hindu palaces and temples that the Mughals destroyed.

Jain Pillar
Outside the fort lies a tiny two-foot high pillar said to belong to the Jains who consider it sacred. The pillar has the distinctive diamond-shaped holy symbol of the Jains.

Ancient Mounds
Three mounds from the Harappan period can be found in Banawali, Kunal and Agroha. The mound in Banawali, 15kms from Fatehabad, reveals a fortified town (BC 2500 – 1700). Its inhabitants lived in brick houses and used clay pottery, beads of semi-precious stones and bangles, worshipping a mother goddess set in terracotta.
The Kunal excavations are pretty similar, although they bring to light that the Harappans went through three stages of development; from pit houses to regular rectangular and square dwellings above the surface.
The Agroha mound goes back to the 3rd century BC and is where Harappan coins were discovered apart from stone sculptures, terrracotta seals, iron and copper implements, shells and a host of other things. However, don’t count on seeing one of these; they’ve being shifted into museums across the country long ago.

Pranpir Badshah’s Tomb
Situated inside the Government College, this is where the remains of the spiritual teacher of Sher Bahlol (14th century AD) lie. Pranpir was a great Sufi saint who foretold that Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq would rule Hndustan from Delhi.



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