History of Karnataka
In ancient times, Karnataka was called
Karunadu, literally meaning elevated land.
¤ The Early Karnataka
The evidence of Maurayan dynasty in Karnataka is the Ashoka's rock
edicts found in the state. The great Chandragupta Maurya ruled the
state and adopted Jainism at Shravanabelagola. After him many other
dynasties like the Chalukyas, the Hoysalas and the Vijayanagars ruled
it. These dynasties added value to the cultural and spiritual value of
Aihole in Karanataka, the Chalukyas constructed the early Hindu
temples in India. These temples are regarded as the architectural
wonders. Similarly, the Hoysala's who ruled from the 11th to the 13th
century, built more than 150 temples having excellent architecture.
¤ Karnataka Under Vijayanagar Empire
The most celebrated dynasty that ruled Karnataka is the Vijayanagar
dynasty. The Vijyanagar kings were the greatest of all medieval Hindu
empires and were lovers of fine arts. They have contributed a lot to
the culture and traditions of the state. Many foreign visitors who
came to this place during this period have described it as one of the
most prosperous states.
¤ The Fall of Vijayanagar Empire
The grand Vijayanagar dynasty disintegrated with its capital at Hampi
after the attack of the Deccan Sultan in 1565 A.D. Therefore, Bijapur
was established as the capital and many monuments were build around
the city. It was ruled by the Bahmani Shahis and the Adilshahis, who
have contributed a lot to the architecture, art and the spread of
Islam in the state.
¤ The Muslim Domination and The British Control
Later, the state was ruled by Hyder Ali and his brave son Tipu
Sultan. They were responsible for the expansion of the Mysore kingdom.
Tipu was a great scholar and lover of literature. He was a good
administrator and offered expensive gifts to the Hindu temples. Tipu
Sultan was also known as "Tiger of Karnataka", since he
fought bravely with the British and never allowed them to overpower
Mysore . He was killed in 1799 A.D. and thus the throne of Mysore went
into the hands of Wodeyar's. In the beginning of the 19th century,
entire Karnataka came under the control of the British.
¤ Karnataka Post-Independence
After India's Independence, the state of Mysore was governed by the
Maharaja of Mysore, who was appointed by Independent India. But later,
on November 1, 1973, the integrated state was renamed as Karnataka.