Information on Karnataka Land
The eighth largest state of India, Karnataka is situated in the south
of India. It is ranked eighth both area and population wise. The state
was earlier known as Mysore.
Karnataka is located on the western end of the Deccan plateau,
encircled by the state of Maharashtra and Goa on the north, andhra
Pradesh on the east, and Tamil Nadu and Kerala on the south. The
magnificent Arabian Sea washes its coast on the west.
¤ Physical Features
The major physical features of the state are the coastal region, the
Sahyadris and the Deccan plateau. In Kannada these features are known
as the Paschima Karavali, Malnad and Maidan.
¤ The Topography
The topography of the state is quite varied with evergreen Sahyadris,
silvery beaches and the scenic Deccan plateau. The Sahyadris are the
highlight of the geography of Karnataka.
The climate of Karnataka is hot and humid in general. The temperature
at the hilly and high plateau area is quite moderate. Specially, the
capital city of Bangalore is famous for its pleasant climate with a
The coastal area of the state receives good amount of rainfall
whereas the plains receive less rainfall. In fact some areas of the
state also face the problem of drought.
¤ Flora and Fauna
Having a varied landscape, the state is quite rich in flora and
fauna. The Sahyadris in the state of Karnataka are the most important
area as far as the flora of state is concerned. Some of the highlights
of the vegetation of this state are the white Mallika, the golden
Champaka, the red rose, and the purple Padari. Apart from these, there
are trees of Mangoes, Teak and Sandalwood found on the eastern slopes.
The rich and dense forests of Sahyadris are home to majestic animals
like the elephant and the lion. Apart from them, you can also find a
number of other animals like the tiger, the panther, the leopard,
sambar, deer, wild pig, bison, bears and hare. Birds are also found in
abundant, specially the national bird of the country, Peacock.