As the seventh largest country in the
world, it spans an amazing 3,214km from north to south, and 2,933km
from east to west. The coastline adds up to over 6,000km, and if you
were to take into account the islands as well, the figure would be
somewhat close to 7,500km.
China lies beyond the northeastern border of India, with the Himalayas
towering between the two countries as a colossal divide, Nepal forms a
perfect Himalayan niche between India and China. To the west of India
is Pakistan, an independent nation today that was a part of India till
1947. The southern fringes of the country are washed by the massive
blue-green expanse of water the Indian Ocean that
distinguishes India from its neighbouring landmasses.
The Arabian Sea hems in the western coast of India, while the Bay of
Bengal meets the eastern coast, demarcating India from Myanmar and
Thailand. Close to the southern tip of India lies the island-nation of
Sri Lanka, the once-mythical domain of Ravana, the demon king who
abducted Sita in the Hindu epic, the Ramayana.
Indian valleys include snow-capped peaks, dry and cold deserts,
luxuriant fields, rock-faces, mangroves, bare stretches of earth, and
a range of alpine to impenetrable tropical rain forests. and these
could be classified into further sub-categories.