Information of Madhya Pradesh Land
¤ The Centeral Land of India
Madhya Pradesh (MP), which literally means the central land, acquired
its name primarily because of its location it is situated in
the heart of India. It is also the largest state in India in terms of
area, sprawling across a massive 443,450sq km, which makes it twice as
big as the United Kingdom. and that, mind you, is just a single state
in India. Hills, plateaus, plains, rivers, forest you name it
and this state has it.
The temperature starts rising in Madhya Pradesh from March onwards,
varying from region to region. In summer, the mean maximum temperature
goes up to around 42.5oC in northern MP at places like Gwalior.
It is 40o-42.5oC in places like Bhopal, Sagar, Rewa, Bilaspur and
Raigarh, to name a few. In other places, it ranges from 35o-400C. May
is hotter than June when moisture-laden clouds arrive and bring down
the temperature considerably.
The monsoon begins in end-June/July and last till end-August. The
temperature remains more or less the same till September-October,
after which, it starts falling, announcing the arrival of winter.
Winter reaches its peak in the month of December in some places, and
in January, in others. The average temperature in winter is as low as
-10oC in the northern half of MP, while in the southern half the
average temperature varies from 10o-15oC.
¤ Based on its climate, Madhya
Pradesh can be divided into six parts :
The Northern Plains
The Hilly Region of the Vindhyas
The Narmada Valley
The Malwa Plateau
The Plains of Chhattisgarh
The mountainous region of Bastar.
Due to their distance from the sea, the Northern Plains have an
extreme climate. If they are extremely hot in summer, they are equally
cold in winter.
The Hilly Region of the Vindhyas is better. It does not become
unbearably hot in summer or excessively cold in winter like the
Northern Plains do.
Health resorts like Amarkantak and Panchmarhi are situated in this
The Narmada Valley is very hot in summer, and cool in winter. In the
Malwa Plateau it is neither very hot in summer nor very cold in
The plains of Chhattisgarh have a hot and moderate climate. They are
noticeably hot in summer though not so cold in winter.
and in the mountainous region of Bastar, the climate is cold and
humid because of the rains.
Madhya Pradesh gets maximum rainfall from June to September, and in
some places, it rains in December and January due to a low-pressure
build up. Both, the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, feed the clouds
reaching this state.
The western parts of the state get their monsoon from the Arabian Sea
and the eastern parts get theirs from the Bay of Bengal. However, by
the time these clouds reach Madhya Pradesh, a major part of their
moisture is spent as they travel over many places before reaching this
Eastern Madhya Pradesh gets an average rainfall of over 112cm,
whereas the northern and western areas get much less, ranging from
50-62.5cm. In the eastern parts of Madhya Pradesh, the monsoon is
comparatively more predictable than in the western parts, making
cultivation in dry periods almost impossible in the western areas.