The temple tour to Ujjain promoted by tourism of Madhya Pradesh, facilitates a visit in Mahakaleshwar Temple in Ujjain. Travel to Ujjain and visit Mahakaleshwar Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is held sacred, as one of the 12 jyotirlingas is enshrined here.

Attractions In Madhya Pradesh
India - Madhya Pradesh - Ujjain - Mahakaleshwar Temple

Mahakaleshwar Temple facts

Morning – 04:00 am to 10:30 am

Evening – 05:00 pm to 11:00 pm

Morning- 07:30 am to 11:00 am

Evening- 05:30 pm to 11:00 pm

Mahakaleshwar temple in the arid plains of Ujjain is one of the most holy and at the same sacrosanct place of worship. Dedicated to the Lord Shiva (destroyer in the holy triune) this temple and its efficacy finds mentioned in the works of India’s best loved poet Kalidasa. Another reason and invariably the pivotal reason for the devotion and the efficacy surrounding this temple is the swayambhu Linga or the self manifested Jyotirlinga. This can well be called the source and the summit of all observances and beliefs. In India there are 12 such places wherein one can find a Jyothirlinga and Ujjain’s Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is one such blessed location.

Mahakaleshwar Temple Aarti- The first things that comes to mind or the first that locals advise those visiting the temple for the first time is to partake in the Mahakaleshwar Temple Aarti. The “Bhasm Aarti” is an important ritual that is followed here. This is the first ritual that is conducted everyday first thing in the morning. This is followed by the solemn ceremony of Sringar which involves anointing and robbing the Lord. Then the first aarti is offered. Aarti is the offering to the diety by circulating lamps and incense. An important part of this daily ritual is Bhasm or funeral ash which is offered to the diety. The reason for this observance being that Lord Shiva is the destroyer or the God of death and hence funeral ash is used. Until and unless the funeral ash does not reach the temple the morning aarti is not performed. The form of worship that is observed also points out to the inseparable facts of life and death. The main diety enshrined the temple is Dakshinamuthi. A name that means the southward facing idol.

Mahakaleshwar Temple architecture

The temple is a three storied building. In the lower middle and the uppermost part of the temple are installed lingams of Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwara and Nagachandraveshwara. While the first two lingas can be seen by visitors and faithful every day, the Nagachandraveshwara linga is kept for public veneration only on Naga Panchami day. A large sized Kunda known as Koti that exists in the temple. The Kunda and the waters are treated as sacred and celestial. In keeping with ancient temple there are also a number of carvings that herald the spiritual grandeur of the Mahakelshwar Temple. In the east of the Kunda there is a large verandah that has depictions of the Lord Rama and Avantika. While in the southern side of the main shrine or sanctum of the temple there is small Shaivite temples which are remarkable examples of architectural styles. The Linga of the Mahakelshwar in the Gariba Griha or the Inner sanctum is colossus. The silver plated Naga Jaldhari and silver plated roofing of the temple which is adorns the sanctum. Besides the Lingam there are statues of the Lord Ganesha, Kartikeya and Goddess Parvati that complete the inner sanctum. The walls of the inner sanctum are adorned with eulogies of praise to the Lord Shiva.

Mahakaleshwar Temple History

It is very difficult to ascertain the actual date or the year in which the temple was constructed. While it is attributed that the temple was constructed by Prajapati Brahma. Ancient writings point out the temple was one of the most magnanimous and at the same time commanding structures of the time. Built in stone and supported by wodden beams, this temple was hallowed and at the same time the most revered. So much so that poet Kalidasa referred to this temple as Niketan. There are no shikaras in the original structure of the temple. The changes to the same were made during the time of Gupta era. However it is noted that during the Paramara era there were a serious of problems that land of Ujjain faced. It was during this time that the temple was destroyed by Muslim invasion Iltumish. The present structure of the temple was however built by Srimant Raanojirao Schindia in 1736. After independence the Dev Sthan Temple was replaced by the municipal corporation of India and is now under the purview of the district collectorate.

How to Reach Mahakaleshwar temple

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