Arts and Crafts of Maharashtra
Maharashtra has a rich cultural heritage, which is an amalgamation of
different cultures and traditions. The state exudes a vibrant spirit
which never dies. This spirit is visible in its traditional arts and
crafts. The cave paintings at Ajanta, Warli paintings and handicrafts
of Maharashtra are clear evidences of the state's cultural legacy.
These beyond comparison arts and crafts of Maharashtra are enticing
Sawantwadi is famous for the craft of lacquer ware, which was
introduced here around the end of the 17th century. Various schools
teaching this craft were started in Sawantwadi during the 18th and the
19th centuries. Many of the artisans were moved from nearby Goa. The
Sawantwadi lacquer ware is now available in a wide range of products
and concentrates on traditional hand painted and lacquered furniture
and light fittings.
Bidri ware is an ancient craft of Aurangabad, which uses zinc and
copper as raw material. It also employs the intricate workmanship of
pure silver, either brocaded, overlaid or inlaid on the metal surface.
In the beginning, Bidri ware items were used as hookahs or paan daans,
but now they are more often sold as souvenirs.
The hand made leather sandals or chappals of Kolhapur are famous all
over the world. They are popular for their simple styles and comfort.
The cost of the these sandals and chappals may differ depending upon
the quality of leather and designs used. They are definitely worth
Maharashtra is also known for its strong textile history. There are
different types of saris or materials available belonging to a
particular area or region of the state, such as Kolhapur, Pune and
Mashru and Himru
Aurangabad is famous for Mashru and Himru fabrics. These two types of
fabrics are made of cotton and silk having a shine like satin. Himru
shawls are less expensive and are made by using both silk and cotton
threads. These threads help in producing beautiful multi-colored
designs on these shawls. The actual ornamental design is formed on the
principle of extra weft figuring. The extra silk weft left loose makes
the Himru shawl soft, which almost feels like silk. Weavers were
brought to Aurangabad from Banaras and Ahmedabad by
Mohamed-bin-Tughlak and thus the Himru industry started.
The Paithani Saris are being woven from the past 2000 years old. In
the making of a Paithani sari pure silk is used along with the zari or
gold threads drawn from pure gold. It takes almost six months to one
and a half years to weave an intricately brocaded Paithani sari.
The Narayan Peth sari is a traditional Maharashtrian sari, belonging
to Sholapur. This is a beautifully woven sari in silk having contrast
zari border, generally of 'rudraksha' motifs.
The paintings in Ajanta Caves are outstandingly beautiful, they
belong to the diffused art style of China & Japan. The Ajanta
paintings were painted by the Buddhist Monks who turned the stone
walls into picture books of Buddha's life & teachings. These
Buddhist artists have portrayed the costumes, ornaments & styles
of the court life of their times.
The Warlis style of paintings belong to the tribal people who live in
the Thane district, situated in north of Mumbai. These paintings are a
part of their tradition and are painted by the women folk during
wedding rituals, using rice paste and straw. After the painting is
complete it is smeared on the walls of their huts. Now, these
paintings are also done on paper and is available almost everywhere in
India. The Warli paintings are made on religious themes. They are
painted in white on an austere brown surface decorated with occasional
dots in red and yellow. Men, animals and trees form a loose, rhythmic
pattern across the entire sheet of a Warli painting.