Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
One thing that comes to mind immediately at the mention of Bharatpur
is its bird sanctuary. The marshlands in this region are just the
place for numerous birds to come flapping in and present the most
spectacular sight in the world. But Bharatpur has more to it than just
¤ Bharatpur City
Bharatpur is an ancient city of eastern Rajasthan. Its history dates
from the era of the great Indian epic Mahabharata (approximately 1500
BC). But more interestingly, Bharatpur was the only kingdom in
Rajasthan that was ruled by the Jats, the peasant stock of Haryana.
The Jats rose into prominence in the 17th and 18th centuries and
proved to be quite a fighting force. So for the first time in
Rajput-ruled Rajasthan, we get a taste of Jat architecture. The
Lohargarh Fort in Bharatpur is a superb example. So are the forts at
Kumher and Wiir.
176km from Jaipur, 184km from Delhi, 55km from
22 sq km
Max 45 ºC, Min 37 ºC (summer); Max
31 ºC, Min 7 ºC (winter)
¤ Bharatpur Attractions
The capital city of Deeg (36km from Bharatpur) is another name
synonymous with Jat elegance. But Bharatpur itself is a pretty small
town; if you stretch your legs a bit, you could go to many other
beautiful places around like Dholpur, Karauli, Govardhan and Bayana.
Noh and Mallah are two villages around Bharatpur where some rare
archaeological finds dating back to the 1st century AD were found.
Since the Jats were Jats, they were never really accepted by the
Rajputs. The Bharatpur coat of arms is understandably a deviation from
the usual Rajput ensigns which feature either the sun or the moon.
Bharatpurs emblem has neither of these, for the Jats descended
neither from the sun nor the moon. Their coat of arms features a
shield flanked by a lion and an elephant. A bull is engraves within
the shield signifying Piety, with two crossed daggers on either side.
Crowning the shield is the monkey god Hanumans flag.
¤ Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Today Bharatpur is best known for its bird sanctuary, the Keoladeo
Ghana National Park which spreads at the confluence of the Banganga
and Ruparel rivers. In the bygone days, the rajas hosted famous (read
shocking) duck shoots in the marshes here which were frequented by
British dignitaries and fellow maharajas (see Keoladeo Ghana National
Park). Today this marshy area has become the favourite haunt of
hundreds of species of birds, including the famous Siberian crane,
which comes to winter here. But sadly, the number of cranes is
reducing at an alarming rate, and very soon Bharatpur might lose its
most distinguished visitor.
Apart from the vibrant Jat element, Bharatpur also has an influence
of Uttar Pradesh's cultural traditions. The Brij Festival, which is
celebrated on a massive scale in UP, is an important socio-religious
occasion for Bharatpur. The festival celebrates the loves and joys of
Lord Krishna, and the Raslila (dances of Krishna and the milkmaids of
Braj) is performed here with great enthusiasm. This is held sometime
between February and March. Gangaur and Teej are the other major
festivals of Bharatpur. See Religion of Rajasthan for more on these.
Major Tour Packages To Rajasthan