Jaigarh Fort facts
Location- Aravali range, Amber fort, Rajasthan
Built- Sawai Jai Singh II
Controlled by- Government of Rajasthan
Best time to visit- October to March
Timings- 9.00 am to 4.45 pm
Entry fee-Rs 10 for students
Rs 15 for others
Out of the forts in Jaipur the Jaigarh fort is certainly
the most interesting of the lot. It is certainly not the prettiest in the clan.
With his hardcore exteriors the fort was once the bastion of security for both
the Jaipur and Ajmer. Noted as the fort of victory the ramparts of the strong
rock haven monument are visible from almost every side of the beautiful city of
Jaipur. The monument has been an inspiration for poets and writers and tourist
are also in awe of the mysteries that surrounds the fort. These mysteries and
rumors surrounding grew louder that the fort was sealed for seven long years
following rumors that an enormous treasure was buried under the vault under deep
Needless to say the rumors surrounding to a certain extent
can be backed by history. Mansingh the II and his successors are said to have
hoarded gold jewels and other booty in the Jaigarh. To fortify their loot they
hired the local Minas who fiercely guarded and protected the area. Each new
Kachhawaha king was allowed only once to enter the place and pick up a single
piece of the pile. The Indian Government too tried the retrieve the treasure.
However there were thoroughly unsuccessful despite having dug the three water
tanks. While there are some who argue that everything was used there are other
who say the treasure is still hidden in the fort.
True to the dictum of the Holy Scripture, that is the
Puranas the fort is indeed the strength of the king. The Jaigarh fort was
monumental remained as beacon of the Rajput era.
Main attractions of the Fort
Jaivana (Large cannon) - A major attraction of the Jaigarh
fort is the Jaivana. The world’s largest cannon in wheels. Jaivana was
constructed in Jaigarh’s foundry in 1720.The barrel of this cannon weighs a
staggering 50 tons. According to popular belief the Jaivana has been fired only
once but according to and that too the ball fell about 35km away. The impact of
the fire was so harsh the place where the cannon fell formed into a lake. Actual
inspection states that indeed the cannon was used a couple of times. This
remarkable defence mechanism had the propensity to kill and harm. This was a
portent weapon that warded off the prying enemy eyes. There is even a notice
here that proudly reads “because of strong defence system, management and
foresightedness of the rulers. The enemies did not dare to set foot in the area.
Jaigarh Cannon Foundry- This cannon foundry built by
Bhagwan Das in the 16th century is one of the oldest surviving
medival foundries in the world. Complete with furnace, lathe tools and a rare
collection of cannons that are preserved even to this day. It is said that
Bhagwan son Mansingh the first learnt the secret of making gun powder. He later
served as the commander in chief of Akbar’s army. It was at this time that
cannons were made in Jaigarh to which the Mughals strongly objected. They wanted
the secret to themselves. Especially considering the fact that these weapons
have caused the downfall of the Rajputs.
The Palace Complex- The palace complex was built by various kings during the
course of two centuries. The usual structures inside the palace complex include
Diwani-i- Aam (hall of public audience) where the ruler is said to have his
public audience with the people of the region. An room is the Khilbat Niwas
(Commanders Meeting Hall) where the commanders and defence officer of the rulers
armed forces used to have their discussion and meetings. There is also Diwani-
i-Khas where in king is said to have private audience with a few of his elect.
There is laos the opened pillared hall called Subha Niwas. he luxury suites are
very much there – the breezy Aram Mandir (Rest House) and the 16th century Vilas
Mandir (Pleasure House). The former has a lovely garden attached to it. It was
in the charming courtyard of the latter that the royal ladies had their little
parties, janani majlis. The pavilions surrounding the courtyard, with a maze of
passages, offer excellent views of Amber.