An extensive travel guide of Jhalawar India gives you a complete facts-file about every travel aspect of Rajasthan India. Also promoting travel tours to Jhalawar Rajasthan to have close rendezvous with the great cultural nucleus of music- theatre and a tour to one of the finest opera houses with marvelous auditory system in Jhalawar. Rajasthan India travel also promote travel tours to Jhalrapatan Famous Bell Temples,Rajasthan Bell Temples in India, Chandrabhaga Fair at Jhalawar in Jhalrapatan.

Jhalawar Attractions
India - Rajasthan - Jhalawar - Jhalrapatan Famous Bell Temples

Jhalrapatan Famous Bell Temples

Jhalrapatan is located 6 Km from Jhalawar is known as the 'City of Bells' - derived from its numerous temples and their bells. A unique feature about this town is that the entire township resides within the confines of a wall which was built to protect the trade caravans as it was one of the junction of the trade route.

One can visit some beautiful temples : Surya tempes, Chandrabhaga temples & Shantinath Jain temple.

¤ Main Attractions

Surya Temple- Replica of Konark Temple in Orissa
The walled Jhalrapatan is a Jhalawar suburb, and its name is derived from the towns numerous temples and their bells. It is said that Jhalrapatan originally had 108 temples built over a few centuries, but today the finest amongst them is the 11th century Surya temple. Similar to the Sun temple in Konarak in Orissa, the Surya temple in Jhalrapatan is crowned with a finely carved shikhara (spire). This high steeple is an amalgamation of miniature towers which seem to stick to the main tower, making it a unique one by itself. The shikhara is built in layers and the size of the pillars decreases as height increases, following a seven storey pillar format. The base of the shikhara is made up of larger pillars close to each other around the main foundation, similar to the Qutub Minar in Delhi.

The Temple Construction
The temple is actually built in two sections; one serving as the entrance with pillars supporting a second storey followed by the main sanctum. The roof of the entrance has large and small chatris (pavilions) surrounding the main pagoda in the roof’s centre. Till the middle of the 19th century the temple housed a dazzling gold statue of the Sun god Surya but this was carried off by plunderers during the Uprising of 1857. The columns and arches supporting the roof at the entrance are, as in most ancient Indian temples, richly carved with images of gods, goddesses and other Hindu motifs. Also worth seeing are old tiles engraved with figures of the gods Vishnu and Krishna on the outside walls of the temple. However, the Surya temple is no longer used as a temple and has now been adopted as a meeting place for locals who have little better to do. Don’t be alarmed to see people sleeping on the temples’ stone platforms and just hanging around doing nothing, with worship being the last thing on their minds

Jain temple
Near the Surya temple is a 11th century Jain temple with painted murals depicting punishments showered upon wrongdoers.

Chandrabhaga Temples
Rajputs trace their ancestory to the Sun and the Moon, and if there is a Surya (Sun) temple there has to be one dedicated to the Moon. The Chandravati or Chandrabhaga temples are just that and are located on the banks of the Chandrabhaga stream on the outskirts of Jhalawar.

Interesting Legends About The Foundation of the Temple
By whom exactly were the foundations of these temples laid is a little mysterious, but there are a few interesting legends connected with them. According to one, there was a certain Raja Hoon who founded the Chandravati temples. Another legend associates it with the daughter of Chandrasen, the ruler of Malwa (northwest Madhya Pradesh). The story goes that Chandrasen’s queen gave birth to a son at this very spot while they were on a pilgrimage. Pleased with this, Chandrasen commissioned the building of these temples.

The third myth is more humble and attributes the origin of the temples not to a king but a mere woodcutter. Jasso was a poor woodcutter of the ancient Orr tribe. On his way back home from the forest, Jasso dropped his axe on a stone. Now this stone had magical features and transformed Jasso’s axe into one which could turn iron into gold. With this amazing ability he soon raised enough gold to build these temples, and lake nearby is till called Jasso ka talaab (Jasso’s lake) in his memory. However, there is a catch. From historical sources it seems that Jasso was not a humble woodcutter but the grandson of Udaydit, the ruler of Malwa. Presumably all this magic business occurred during one of the prince’s forays into the forest for whatever reasons.

But there is yet another legend which goes back even further in time, way back to the Mahabharata (circa 4th century BC). Out of the five exiled Pandava brothers, Bhima was the strongest, and at some point the brothers reached this forest. A spirit decided to disturb them and took the form of a boar. Bhima didn’t see much humour in a wild boar grunting near him and he shot it down with an arrow. Anything can happen in mythology, and it happened this time too – where the boar fell sprang forth a stream which came to be known as Chandrabhaga.

Temple Idols
The temples were actually built in the 6th century AD, and lie scattered along the banks of the Chandrabhaga stream. Most of these 108 temples are in ruins, but there are some that are in remarkable shape considering their age. A flight of steps lead down to the water, to ancient ghats which must have been in use centuries ago. Statues of Hindu gods and goddesses can be found in abundanace here, piled on top of each other and just lying around all over the place. More common are those of Ganesha, Narayan, Shiva and Parvati, although only their remnants remain. Some idols are a little fortunate, placed upon a pedestal and gazing into the distance.

Imposing Temple Carvings
Temple builders in ancient India had a glorious habit of of going overboard when it came to carving. From pillars to ceilings, stairways and arches, everything came under the engraver’s chisel. Things are pretty much the same in Chandrabhaga. At the entrance to the Chandramuleshwar temple stand two stone pillars, carved from base to top. The lower portion of the columns depict goddesses and their escorts in a finery rarely seen in Rajasthan, while the steps leading up and into the temple have also been subjected to a great deal of chisel work. Near the Chandramuleshwar temple is the rectangular Sitalasvara temple crowned with a bulbous dome. However, only the lower parts of the temple remains as the upper portions have long fallen down. The date given to the construction is 689AD, although this is refutable. What is certain is that these temples were built during the 7th century, but the exact date is still officially unknown. Chandravati was perhaps a centre of music and dance when it was built, for its structure and general layout suggests that such activities did occur here.

Temple Inscriptions
An ancient inscription still exists in one of the temples, dated 692AD and ascribing it to Raja Durgangul. The writing on the wall mentions the Pandava brothers and their tryst with the boar `demon’ Varaha (Varaha is also worshipped as a god). It states that when Varaha fell, from his wound sprang out a figure which was the first of the Khatri clan.

Near the Orr dam there are a few cenotaphs of Jain monks. One is dated 1010AD and is dedicated to Srimunt Deva, a disciple of Acharya Sriman Deva whose bust still exists, reading an open stone book. Two other translated inscriptions on cenotaphs of Jain monks have dates of 1124 and 1233AD.

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