Information of Tamil Nadu Land
The south Indian state of Tamil Nadu is surrounded by Karnataka and
Andhra Pradesh in the north and Kerala in the west. Tamil Nadu's
eastern and southern coasts are washed by the waters of the Bay of
Bengal and the Indian Ocean respectively. The eastern and western tips
of the state are defined by the Point Calimere and Mudumalai wildlife
sanctuaries while the northern extreme is Pulicat lake and the
southernmost tip is Cape Comorin or Kanniyakumari - where India's land
More Information on Geographical Features of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu, The Varied Land
With an area of 130,058 sq. kms, Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest
state in India. Traditionally, the land of Tamils has been divided
into 5 major physiographic divisions - the Kurinji or mountainous
region, the Mullai or forest region, the Palai or arid region, the
Marudham or the fertile plains and the Neidhal or coastal region.
The Eastern and Western ghats of India meet in Tamil Nadu and run
along its eastern and western borders. The famous hill stations of
Tamil Nadu's like Udhagamandalam, Kodaikanal, Kothagiri and Yercaud
are situated in this region. The 25km wide Palakkad gap and Shencottah
gap are the only breaks into the long chain of hills that border
western Tamil Nadu.
The low rocky hills of Eastern ghats are in contrast with the densely
forested hills of the Western ghats. This area receives torrential
rainfall and the beautiful valleys of Cumbum and Pollachi are marked
with plantations of tea, coffee and spices. However, the upper reaches
of the Eastern ghats are equally beautiful. The Yercaud in the
Shevaroy hills is famous for its fruit orchards, mainly for banana and
There's also an arid, desert-like land in the state which is confined
to a small area in Tirunelveli district and is known as the Palai. The
coastal Tamil Nadu comprises the Coromandel coast which has its
northern half and the Fisheries coast which is the southern half.
Mylapore, Poompuhar and Mamallapuram were the famous ancient ports on
the Coromandel from where merchant ships sailed to Rome, Greece and
the far east.
Rich Flora and Fauna
Tamil Nadu is rich in flora and fauna and some of its major wildlife
sanctuaries like Mudumalai, Anaimalai(Indira Gandhi W.S), Madras
Crocodile Bank trust, Guindy national park, etc, are situated in the
hills of the Western ghats providing home to elephants, tigers, bisons
and a variety of monkeys and deers. There are more than 3000 plant
species found in Tamil Nadu, out of which a majority are found in the
mixed deciduous forests of this region.
Kaveri is the recurrent river of the state Tamil Nadu, which
originates in Coorg in the neighboring Karnataka. Kaveri irrigates the
fertile Coromandel plains and its delta in Thanjavur - Nagapattinam
region is known as the granary of Tamil Nadu. The other rivers in the
state are the Palar, Pennar, Vaigai and Tamiraparani.
Tamil Nadu, the southern state of India, has some of the most exotic
beaches in India, which have their own charm. The Marina beach is the
second longest beach in the world and is a must visit. Another beach
called the Elliot's Beach is now a favorite shooting location for
Tamil movies in Chennai. Apart from these there are many mesmerizing
beaches like the Covelong beach, Kanyakumari beach, Rameshwarm beach,
etc. These beaches are famous for various enjoyment activities like
paragliding, surfing, swimming, sunbathing, parasailing, etc.
The climate of Tamil Nadu is tropical with little deviation in
temperature in summer and winter. April and May are the hottest months
with the temperature going above the 40ºC mark. The coastal
regions get uncomfortably warm and humid during these months but the
nights are usually cool, due to the sea breeze that sets in during the
afternoon. Summer temperatures are quite temperate in the foothills of
The atmosphere at the hill stations are pleasant and the temperature
is moderate. A mild winter falls between November and February when
the climate is pleasantly cool.
Minimum temperature in the plains rarely drops below 20º C,
while in the hills the mercury may drop to 5º C or below. The
north-east monsoon brings rain in spurts between October and December.
The average annual rainfall, ranges between 25 and 75 inches (635 and
1,905 mm) a year. Highest precipitation occurs in the Nilgiris and
other hill areas with the least in the Ramanathapuram and Tirunelveli